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国外关于残疾人的法律规定

国外关于残疾人的法律规定


The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is a United Nations treaty that recognizes the rights of persons with disabilities. It was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 13 December 2006 and entered into force on 3 May 2008. It is the first legally binding international instrument that specifically focuses on the rights of persons with disabilities.
The Convention was created in response to the increasing number of persons with disabilities in the world and their growing need for recognition of their rights. The Convention is based on the recognition of the inherent dignity and worth of persons with disabilities and their equal and inalienable rights. It is intended to promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by persons with disabilities.
The Convention has been ratified by 162 countries and signed by 186 countries. The Convention is also open for signature by any member state of the United Nations.
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) sets out the rights of persons with disabilities and provides a framework for their protection and promotion. It includes provisions on:
• Equality and non-discrimination
• Respect for physical and mental integrity
• Accessibility
• Participation in political and public life
• Respect for home and family
• Access to justice
• Education
• Employment
• Health
• Habilitation and rehabilitation
• Participation in cultural life, recreation, leisure and sport
• Freedom of expression and opinion
• Respect for privacy
• Personal mobility
• Living independently and being included in the community
The Convention also sets out the obligations of States Parties to take all necessary measures to ensure the full realization of the rights of persons with disabilities. This includes:
• Ratifying and implementing the Convention
• Ensuring the legal capacity of persons with disabilities
• Taking measures to ensure the protection and safety of persons with disabilities
• Ensuring access to information and communications technologies
• Ensuring access to quality education
• Ensuring access to employment
• Ensuring access to health care
• Ensuring access to appropriate housing
• Ensuring access to social protection
• Ensuring access to public transportation
• Ensuring access to public services
• Ensuring access to cultural life, recreation, leisure and sport
• Ensuring access to justice
• Ensuring the rights of persons with disabilities to freedom of expression and opinion
• Ensuring the rights of persons with disabilities to respect for privacy
• Ensuring the rights of persons with disabilities to personal mobility
• Ensuring the rights of persons with disabilities to live independently and be included in the community
The Convention also establishes an international monitoring mechanism, the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, to review the implementation of the Convention by States Parties. The Committee has the power to receive and consider complaints from individuals or groups of individuals concerning violations of their rights under the Convention.
The Convention is a powerful tool for protecting and promoting the rights of persons with disabilities. It is an important step towards ensuring the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by persons with disabilities.